The 25th Open | 1885 St Andrews

Martin wins his second Open at St Andrews

Known as the Home of Golf, St Andrews holds a special place in the hearts of those who play and watch the game, and it remains one of the most iconic venues in sport.

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The famous Old Course has hosted The Open 29 times - more than any other venue - with its hallowed turf presenting a unique and enduring challenge to golf's greatest players.

And only an elite group of players in the history of the Championship have managed to win the Claret Jug twice at St Andrews - a feat first achieved by Bob Martin in 1885.

Martin was first crowned Champion Golfer in 1876 in bizarre circumstances, having tied with Davie Strath on 176 after two rounds of 18 holes around the Old Course.

At the 17th hole, unbeknown to him due to the crush of people, Strath's approach hit a player putting out on the green and was stopped from going onto the road behind the green.

Strath was threatened with disqualification as a result and when he refused to contest the play-off unless a ruling was made beforehand, Martin was declared the winner by a walk-over.

Nine years later, Martin's second Claret Jug was secured without controversy as he etched his name into Open folklore with another St Andrews success.

A St Andrews caddie who worked with Old Tom Morris in his club-making business, Martin had a steady and careful game, which helped him outlast his competitors.

Archie Simpson was one of the early starters at the 25th edition of the Championship and he came flying out of the gate with an excellent round of 83 to sit at the summit of the leaderboard.

Simpson, the brother of defending Champion Golfer Jack, was one shot better off than Martin but, as the wind picked up in the second round, the former champion grew in stature.

A sluggish start from Simpson saw him take 38 for the first seven holes of his second round and he ultimately posted an 89 for a total of 172 to leave the door open.

It was an invitation that Martin did not need to be offered twice, securing the five he needed down the 18th hole to win the Claret Jug outright by one shot with a total of 171.

His final tally was five shots better than his winning score in 1876 but two strokes outside that of the 1879 Champion at the same venue, Jamie Anderson.

David Ayton finished in third place, one stroke further behind with a total of 173, and was left to rue an 11 at the 17th when he twice had to play from the road behind the green.

Willie Fernie, the 1883 Champion Golfer, and future Champion Willie Park Jnr finished in a tie for fourth with Archie Simpson's brother Bob, the trio registering 36-hole totals of 174.

Only four players have since managed to repeat Martin's double at St Andrews, with J.H. Taylor, James Braid, Jack Nicklaus and Tiger Woods the illustrious quartet.

Yet while a handful of golfing greats have followed in his wake, there is no doubt that Martin remains the trailblazer when it comes to the most successful Champion Golfers at St Andrews.