On a final day that produced record scoring, James Braid initially turned heads as he shot a 69 in round three - the first-ever sub-70 total at The Open - to take the lead.
However, it was White - improving in every round - who prevailed as he followed scores of 80, 75 and 72 with a 69 of his own to beat the illustrious duo of Braid and Taylor by one.
Braid was left to rue playing it safe with his long putt for a three at the last, having been wrongly informed he only needed a four to match White.
Taylor produced a thrilling charge and bested the efforts of Braid and White with a 68, setting another new record, but it was not quite enough.
A ball commemorating Taylor's unprecedented score - shown in the video player above - is part of the collections at The R&A World Golf Museum and is currently on loan to Royal St George's.